How Do You Treat Macular Degeneration?
Macular degeneration is a common eye condition, affecting adults when they get past retirement age. When you have macular degeneration, you start losing your eye sight at a gradual pace. While you can’t prevent or reverse the effects of this condition, you can slow it down so that you keep your eyesight for a longer period of time. Here are the different treatment options available for macular degeneration.
The first type of treatment available for macular degeneration is called photodynamic therapy, also known as PDT. This treatment uses a light-sensitive drug that is injected into your blood stream through your arm. It starts working in a matter of seconds, as the abnormal blood vessels underneath your macula will begin to absorb it right away. The doctor then uses a cool laser in your eye to activate it and hopefully destroy these abnormal blood vessels.
Your eye doctor may also recommend using an angiogenesis inhibitor. This treatment helps to reduce the new blood vessel growth in the macula and prevent permanent scarring from leakage of blood of the abnormal blood vessels. This is also an injection, but it goes directly into your eye at the vitreal cavity. This is the area of the eye just behind the lens. You may have some eye discomfort, floaters, or blurry vision after getting this treatment.
The first treatment that was used for wet macular degeneration was laser photocoagulation. While it is still used today, it is not quite as common as other treatment options. It isn’t used as often because it doesn’t have as good of a result as other treatments. With laser photocoagulation, a high-energy laser is used on the problem blood vessels around the macula. The heat is meant to obliterate the abnormal blood vessels after sealing them. There is a risk of partial blindness after this treatment, so consider all your options before choosing laser photocoagulation.
Vitamins and Minerals
While they shouldn’t be used as your only treatment for macular degeneration, vitamins and mineral supplements have shown to make an improvement on this condition. If you have dry macular degeneration, they will be most useful to you. They won’t cure your condition, but can help reduce the speed at which it develops. Make sure you ask your eye doctor what supplements are best for treatment.
Discuss these treatment options with your eye doctor to determine what treatment is best for you or contact a company like St Lawrence Optometry Clinic with any questions you have.